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International Conference „The Downfall of Communism in East-Central and Southern Europe: An Attempt of Comparative Perspective” – Poznań, 24 June 2019

In 1989, 30 years had passed since the fall of communism – a system installed in Central and Southern Europe following World War II. The changes which took place in 1989–1991 were the beginning of a political transformation in the states of Central and Southern Europe as well as in the Soviet Union. The triple transformation encompassed the reconstruction of free market economy, parliamentary democracy, and – in the case of the former Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, or Czechoslovakia – state building.

The aim of the conference is, in particular, to analyze, in the comparative perspective:

– the role and significance of the opposition in particular societies of Central and Eastern Europe,

– the position and role of churches and denominational associations in the transformation process,

– various paths of the transition from the totalitarian system in the communist version to a democratic one in particular states of Central and Eastern Europe, combined with an attempt at a verification of various models of the fall of communism (the domino effect, structural contradictions of centrally planned economy, the breakdown of the faith in Marxism, etc.)

– strategies (or the lack thereof) of implementing free market economy,

– relationships of the states of Central and Eastern Europe with the external world: the USSR, the USA, EEC, and NATO, and attitudes toward globalization processes,

– settlement of the communist past in the form of lustration and decommunization, and the presence of communism in historical memory.

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